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Cornell NanoScale Science and Technology Facility
2016-2017 Research Accomplishments

(2017cnf1RA_Book.pdf, 9.8MB file)


The links below will take you to PDFs of the reports, unless otherwise noted. The files are between 849K and 9.8MB. If you find a broken link, please email Ms. Melanie-Claire Mallison. If you prefer a hard copy of this publication, please email Ms. Mallison with your request and include your complete street address.

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Cover Art: The 2016-2017 cover image is an SEM of "Lithium Niobate Micro-Structures” created by Rui Luo, Hanxiao Liang, Yang He, and Qiang Lin, from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester. Find the full report for CNF Project Number 1997-11 on pages 158-159.

Table of Contents by Section


Biological Applications, pages 2-69
Bacterial Mechanics on a Chip, page 2
Nanostamp Optimization for Single-Molecule DNA/Protein Array Studies, page 4
Multi-Organ Microphysiological Systems for Drug Screening, page 6
Improved Single Cell Whole Genome via Microfluidic Platform, page 8
Graphene Transistors for Biological Sensing, page 10
A MEMS Microtensiometer for Sensing Water Potential in Plants and Soils, page 12
Silicon Nitride Cantilevers for Muscle Myofibril Force Measurements, page 14
Biomimetic Models of the Tumor Microenvironment and Angiogenesis, page 16
Stamping and Twisting: Using Bio-Nanotechnology to Enhance Single Molecule Experiments, page 18
Biocompatible and High Stiffness Tunable Nanophotonic Array Traps with Enhanced Force and Stability, page 20
Generalized Microfluidic Immunosensor for Antibody Detection, page 22
A Portable, Quantitative Nucleic Acid Amplification System for Disease Diagnostics in Limited Resource Settings, page 24
Fabrication of Elastomeric Microposts with Step-Changes in Rigidity, page 26
Development of a Salivary Microfluidic Diagnostic Device using Hot Embossing, page 28
Increasing Endothelial Retention on Mechanical Heart Valves via Surface Micropatterning, page 30
Microconcentrator for Biological Small Angle X-Ray Scattering, page 32
Microfluidic Mixer for Biological Small Angle X-Ray Scattering, page 34
Design and Application of Microfluidic Devices to Study Cell Migration in Confined Environments, page 36
Microfluidics for Modeling Biological Flows in Breast Tumor Cell Invasion, page 38
Zero-Mode Waveguides on Thin Silicon Nitride Membranes for Efficient Single-Molecule Sequencing, page 40
Microfabricated Devices for Cell Organization, page 42
Electrochemical Detection Array Combining Amperometry and Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence, page 44
Microfluidics for Automated Long-Term High-Resolution Imaging of C. Elegans Larval Development, page 46
Evaluating and Improving a Novel Bioreactor for Mammalian Cell Culture, page 48
Synthetic Small Intestines, page 50
Separation of Submicron Particles in a Surface Acoustic Wave Acoustofluidic Resonator, page 52
High Confinement and Low Loss Si3N4 Waveguides for Miniaturizing Optical Coherence Tomography, page 54
Handheld Chem/Biosensor Combining Metasurfaces and Engineered Sensor Proteins to Enhance Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR), page 56
Scalable Sensor Array Platform for Analysis of Quantal Transmitter Release Events, page 58
Droplet- Microfluidic Device for Stem Cell Culture, page 60
Graphene Film Protein Crystal Mount, page 62
Metamaterials for Biosensing, page 64
Retinal Implant Project, page 66
Biosensor Wafer-Level Device Fabrication, page 68


Chemistry, pages 70-81
Attonewton Sensitivity Cantilevers for Single-Electron Spin Detection, page 70
Design and Characterization of a Microreactor for Thin Film Deposition and in situ Surface Analysis, page 72
Chemical Bonding Across the Periodic Table at High and Ambient Pressures, page 74
Substrate Preparation for Ultrafast Vibrational Spectroscopy Experiments, page 76Biomechanics of Bacteria, page 78
Micrometer-Scale Coplanar Waveguides for Nanoscale Magnetic Resonance Imaging, page 80


Electronics, pages 82-109
Piezoelectric RF SAW-Based Energy Detectors, page 82
Individually Detachable Polymer-Silicon Micro-Parts for Vaporizable Electronics, page 84
High-Capacitance Gating of Nanocrystal Superlattices, page 86
Design and Realization of GaN Trench Junction-Barrier-Schottky-Diodes, page 88
Investigation of GaN p-Channel Transistors, page 90
Two-Dimensional Heterojunction Interlayer Tunneling Field Effect Transistor (Thin-TFET), page 92
Self-Assembled Silica Nano-Spheres for Dual Metal Junction-Barrier-Schottky Diodes, page 94
Material Processing and Device Characterization of β-Ga2O3, page 96
Single Crystal Boron Nitride Devices, page 98
Calibrated MEMS Switches for Near-ZERO Power RF Detector and Sensors Network, page 100
Multiple Resonant Features in GaN/AlN Resonant Tunneling Diodes, page 102
High Temperature Epitaxial Growth of AlN/GaN/AlN Quantum Well HEMTs on SiC, page 104
Molybdenum Diselenide MOSFET and CMOS Integration, page 106
Description of the Exploratory Etching and Electrodeposition Project, page 108


Materials, pages 110-135
Multi-Functional Platform for Characterization of Nanostructured Polymer Brushes, page 110
Texturing and Electrical Performance of CAAC IGZO Thin Film Transistors, page 112
Oxide Nanoparticle EUV (One) Photoresist Studies, page 114
Approaching the Ultimate Size-Limit of Organometallic Silver-Thiolate AgSCn 2D Lamellae: Synthesis and Characterization, page 116
Transferable Gyroidal Mesoporous Resin/Carbon Thin Films as Potential 3D Templates, page 118
Nanostructured Polymer Brushes, page 120
Patterning of Liquid Crystal Elastomers, page 122
Nanotwins in Copper Thin Films, page 124
MBE Selective Area Growth of N-polar GaN Nanowires, page 126
Nanotube Transistor Arrays on a TEM Substrate, page 128
Transient Fiber Mats of Electrospun Poly(Propylene Carbonate) Composites with Remarkable Mechanical Strength, page 130
Surface Morphology of Heavily Doped GaN-Based p-n Diodes, page 132
CVD Graphene Growth on Copper and Refractory Metal Substrates, page 134


Mechanical Devices, pages 136-149
Zero-Power Sensors with Near-Zero-Power Wakeup Switches for Reliable Sensor Platforms, page 136
The Nanoaquarium - A Device for in situ Electron Microscopy of Processes in Liquids, page 138
Hydrophobic/Hyrophilic Nanoscale Patterns for Enhanced Pool Boiling, page 140
Pool Boiling Critical Heat Flux Enhancement by Early Evaporation of Microlayer, page 142
Making a Microfluidic Device to Mimic Flow Through Porous Medium, page 144
Graphene-Based Bimorphs for the Fabrication of µm-Sized, Autonomous Origami Machines, page 146
Silicon-Based Variable Capacitors for Sound Energy Harvesting, page 148


Optics & Opto-Electronics, pages 150-179
Investigation of Atomic Layer Deposition for Distributed Bragg Reflectors, page 150
Process Optimization for Silicon Photonic Device Fabrication, page 152
Quaternary Semiconductors for Integrated Nonlinear Optics, page 154
Visible 3D Metallic Photonic Crystal, page 156
Lithium Niobate Micro-Structures, page 158
Fabrication of Silicon Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes (SPADs), page 160
Silicon-Based PN Junction Linear Modulator, page 162
Pixelated Polarizer for IR Focal Plane Array, page 164
Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Deep UV Devices, page 166
Xenon Difluoride Release of MEMS Three-Dimensional Micro-Mirror, page 168
Development of Single and Double Layer Anti-Reflective Coatings for Astronomical Instruments, page 170
Large Area Electrically Tunable Metasurface Lens, page 172
Tunable Semiconductor Metasurfaces for Mid-Infrared Photonics, page 174
III-Nitride and Light-Emitting Diodes, page 176
L-Couplers for Efficient Fiber-Chip Coupling, page 178


Physics & Nanostructure Physics, pages 180-221
Efficient Switching of Three-Terminal Magnetic Tunnel Junction Devices Powered by the Giant Spin Hall Effect of PtHf Alloys, page 180
Tuning Write Current in Tungsten Based Magnetic Tunnel Junctions with an Ultrathin Hf Insertion Layer, page 182
Reduction of the Spin Hall Angle in Oxygen-Doped Beta Tungsten, page 184
Anomalous Hall Generation of Spin Currents with Controllable Spin Polarization, page 186
Creating Skyrmions Using Spin Transfer Torque, page 188
Platforms for Probing the Electronic Properties of Covalent Organic Frameworks, page 190
Spin Hall Effect in YbAl3, page 192
Magnetic Actuation of Graphene Microstructures, page 194
Vortex Dynamics in Nanofabricated Superconducting Devices, page 196
Fabrication of Nanofluidic Cavities for Superfluid 3He Studies, page 198
Fabrication of Nanoscale Josephson Junctions for Quantum Coherent Superconducting Circuits, page 200
Development of Superconductor Circuits for Readout of Quantum Nanomechanical Resonators, page 202
Fabrication of Superconducting Devices for Quantum Information Science, page 204
Imaging Magnetization Structure and Dynamics in Ultrathin YIG/Pt Bilayers with High Sensitivity Using the Time-Resolved Longitudinal Spin Seebeck Effect, page 206
Imaging of Topological Spin Textures by Time-Resolved Anomalous Nernst Effect in FeGe, page 208
Properties of Isolated Defects in Hexagonal Boron Nitride, page 210
Fabrication of Aligned Substrates and Suspended Membranes, page 212
Development of Scanning Graphene Hall Probes for Magnetic Microscopy, page 214
Tailoring the Spin-Orbit Torques in PtPd/FeCoB Bilayers by Composition, page 216
Heusler B2-Co2MnSi-Based Magnetic Tunneling Junctions on Silicon, page 218
Two-Dimensional Devices to Probe Emergent Properties of Ionic Liquid Interfaces, page 220


Process & Characterization, pages 222-239
Improving Dopant Activation in III-V Materials using LSA, page 222
Vector Electric field Measurements Using Position-Modulated Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy, page 224
Fabrication of Semiconductor Nanostructured Thin Film Using Inkjet Printing, page 226
Microfabricated Germanium X-Ray Optics for the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS), page 228
Nanocale Periodic Features with DUV Stepper Backside Alignment, page 230
Efficient Template-Based Nano Manufacturing of Carbon Nanotube Arrays, page 232
1.1kV GaN Vertical Power P-N Diodes on Ammonothermal GaN Substrates; Process Development and Device Characteristics, page 234
Deep-Tissue Photonic Needles, page 236
Quest for X-Ray Transparent Multilayer Graphene, page 238


INDEX, 240-244 [html]


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