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The 2008-2009 Cornell NanoScale
Science & Technology Facility
Research Accomplishments

2009CNFra0BOOK.pdf
(a 320 page, 8MB file)

Click here to get your free Adobe Reader Program. Adobe Acrobat Reader

The devices appearing in the cover photo, opposite, are mechanically resonant cantilevers designed for use in quantum opto-mechanics experiments. Comprising an ulta-high-reflectivity dielectric Bragg mirror mounted on a silicon nitride cantilever, they appear in the report for CNF Project 1723-08, page 178, below.

If you would prefer a paper copy of this publication,
please contact Ms. Melanie-Claire Mallison at mallison at cnf.cornell.edu
and be sure to include your complete street address.



Unless otherwise noted, each link below is to a PDF file of the report(s). The files are between 268K and 3.5MB.
If you find a broken link, please contact Ms. Melanie-Claire Mallison at mallison at cnf.cornell.edu.


Table of Contents, Introduction, and CNF-Related PPPs; pages i-xx

Biological Applications, pages 2-81

Nanofabricated Poly(hydroxy Styrene) Membranes for Construction of an In Vitro Model of the Blood-Brain Barrier; page 2
Construction of Synthetic Gel Metrics; page 4
Directed Evolution of Oil-Producing Algae; page 6
Measurement of Effect of Infrared Radiation on Muscle Performance using Nanofabricated Cantilevers; page 8
Marked Glass Surfaces for Identifying and Studying Individual Particles; page 10
Direct Patterning of Polymer Brushes by E-Beam Lithography; page 12
Retinal Implant Project; page 14
Microfabricated Mixers for Experiments with Proteins; page 16
Microfluidic Cell Culture Analog Devices to Mimic Animal Exposures to Toxins and Drugs; page 18
Single Molecule Studies of Cellulose-Binding Enzymes; page 20
Multiplex In Vitro Selection of Aptamers using Nano-porous Sol-Gel Arrays with Integrated Microheaters; page 22
Parylene Peel-Off Arrays to Study Tumor Cell-Cell Interactions; page 24
Photonic Crystal Devices for Bio-Detection in Multi-Channel Configuration; page 26
Illuminating the Exocytotic Mechanism using Electrochemical Detectors and Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence Microscopy; page 28
Microfabricated Device for Biological Process; page 30
Three-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Focusing with a Two-Layer Microfluidic Device: Controlling the Vertical Position of the Focused Stream; page 32
A Silicon Directional Microphone with Second-Order Directivity Inspired by the Ears of the Parasitoi Fly, Ormia Ochracea; page 34
Ultrasonic Microprobe Based In Vitro Measurement of Cardiac Action Potentials and Direct-Mechanical Stimulation of Canine Left-Ventricular Tissue; page 36
Ultrasonic Microprobes with Piezoresistive Strain Gauges for Testicular Tubule Assay; page 38
Insect Pupal Inserted Microprobe Gas Sensor; page 40
A Novel Microprobe for Objective and Simplified Monitoring of Free Tissue Transfer; page 42
Mimicry of Biological Adhesion through Fabrication of Fibrillar Surfaces; page 44
Locally-Gated Suspended Nanowire FETs for Bio-Molecular Sensing; page 46
Dielectrophoretic Particle Characterization and Manipulation; page 48
On-Chip Electrophoretic Concentration of Liposomes for Antibody-Based Viral Biosensors; page 50
Hydrodynamic Focusing Device for Single Molecule Detection; page 52
Nanofluidic Biosensor for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy; page 54
Fabrication of Scaffolds for 3D Culture of Human Endothelial Cells; page 56
Nanowire Electronic Sensing Device for Biosensing Application; page 58
Highly Multiplexed Antibody-Antigen Detection using Nanoscale Optofluidic Resonators; page 60
Stretching Chromatin in Nanochannels; page 62
Implantable Multi-Reservoir Microfluidic Device for Insect Cyborg Flight Controls; page 64
Three Dimensional Microscale Niches for Studies of Tumor Angiogenesis; page 66
Nanofluidic Structures with Complex Three Dimensional Surfaces; page 68
Device Fabrication for the Observation of Axonal Growth and Axonal Organelle Transport of Rat Hippocampal Neurons; page 70
Nanofountain Probes for the Delivery of Molecular Inks; page 72
Microfluidic Channel Sample Holder for Electron Spin Resonance Microscopy; page 74
Development of a Micro-Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC); page 76
Effects of Antibiotics on an Anaerobic Syntrophic Consortium in a Micro-Bioreactor; page 78
Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Biosensor; page 80

Chemistry, pages 82-93

Reforming of JP-8 in Microplasmas for Compact SOFC Power; page 82
Fabrication of Inorganic-Organic Interfaces; page 84
Structure and Bonding in Molecules and Extended Structures; page 86
High Temperature Flow-Through Chemical Micro-Reactors; page 88
Screening Multidentate Ligands for Control of Anisotropic Etching; page 90
Parylene Lift-Off Technique Coupled with Patterned Metal Electrodes; page 92

Electronics, pages 94-111

AlGaN/GaN-on-Diamond HEMT Recent Progress; page 94
GaN HFETs on Sapphire Substrates with a High Breakdown Voltage and Low Specific On-Resistance; page 96
Ni-Based SAS Process on Source and Drain for High Performance of Polysilicon TFT Low-Voltage Flash Memory Cell; page 98
Study of Porosity in the Charge Trap Layer of Flash Memory; page 100
Plasma Wave Terahertz Electronic Devices; page 102
Electro-Optical Probing of Biological Systems using Carbon Nanotubes; page 104
Laser-Annealed Zinc Oxide Thin-Film Transistors Fabricated on Flexible Substrates; page 106
Phase-Change Oscillations in Silicon Microwires; page 108
A Radio Frequency Device for Measurement of Minute Dielectric Property Changes in Microfluidic Channels; page 110

Materials, pages 112-137

Next Generation Photoresists using Block Copolymer Self-Assembly; page 112
Small Molecule and Hybrid Photoresists for High Resolution Lithography; page 114
Orthogonal Processing: A Novel Photolithographic Patterning Method for Organic Electronics; page 116
Environmentally Benign Development of Photoresists in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide; page 118
Thin Film Nucleation and Growth using Energetic Neutral Species; page 120
Shape-Selectivity in the Aggregation of Lithographically-Designed Colloidal Particles; page 122
Germanium Nanowire Arrays from Biotemplated Gold Nanoparticle Catalysts; page 124
Crystalline Monolayers from Convectively Self-Assembled Non-Spherical Colloids; page 126
Liquid Silicon Resistivity Measurements at Sub-Micrometer Scale; page 128
Silicon Micropost Array Fabrication for Atom Probe Tomographic Analysis of Semiconductor Nanowires; page 130
Superoleophobic Surface Design; page 132
Surface Modification of Polymer Fabrics with Ionic Nanoparticles; page 134
Monochromatic Phonon Source; page 136

Mechanical Devices, pages 138-179

High-Q, In-Plane Modes of Nanomechanical Resonators Operated in Air; page 138
Resonant Mass Sensors Containing Nanofluidics; page 140
Actuation and Limits of Self-Aligned Electromechanical Switches; page 142
Ultrasensitive Nickel and Cobalt Magnet-Tipped Cantilevers for MRFM; page 144
Radio-Frequency Cantilevers for Scanning Probe Microscopy; page 146
Fabrication of Ultra-Sensitive Cantilevers for Measuring Non-Contact Friction: Fabrication of "Interdigitated" Field Effect Transistors; page 148
SoWhats Wrong with My Process?; page 150
Fabrication of Electrically-Contacted Graphene-Sealed Microchambers; page 152
Off-Chip Angular Position Control of MEMs Mirrors; page 154
Deep Sub-Pull-In Voltage Lateral NEMS Switch; page 156
Prototype Cantilevers for AFM Calibration and Nanomechanical Property Measurement; page 158
Epitaxial Silicon Microshell Vacuum-Encapsulated CMOS-Compatible 200 MHz Bulk-Mode Resonator; page 160
Dynamically Tunable Affinities for Fluidic Assembly; page 162
The Fabrication and Characterization of Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers using a Novel Wafer Bonding Process; page 164
Piezoresistive Transduction of MEMS Resonators; page 166
Pressure Dependent Resonant Frequency of Micromechanical Drumhead Resonators; page 168
Unique Identification using Microelectromechanical Systems; page 170
Design of a Micro Tension Test Device; page 172
Non-Linear Dynamics of Coupled MEMs Oscillators; page 174
Optical Readout Photomechanical Imager; page 176
Micromechanical Resonators with High-Reflectivity Mirrors for Experiments in Quantum Opto-Mechanics; page 178

Optics & Opto-Electronics, pages 180-239

High Voltage Polymer Solar Cell Patterned with Photolithography; page 180
Lateral Electrical Injection Si/SiO2 Horizontal Multislot Waveguides; page 182
Optoelectronics in Carbon Nanotube Photodiodes and Graphene Hetero-Interface Devices; page 184
Low Loss Etchless Silicon Photonic Waveguides; page 186
Integrated Silicon WDM Demultiplexer with Ultra-Low Capacitance and High Speed Germanium Photodetectors; page 188
Optical Cloaking; page 190
Silicon Nitride for Integrated Photonics; page 192
Broad Band 1 nm Channel Spacing Silicon-on-Insulator Wavelength Division Multiplexer; page 194
Broadband Hitless Silicon Electro-Optic Switch for Optical Networks On-Chip; page 196
Integrated Analysis of Polystyrene Microspheres; page 198
Deposited Silicon High-Speed Electro-Optic Modulator; page 200
Optical Silicon Routing Devices for Active Optical Networks-on-Chip (AONoC); page 202
Broad-Bandwidth Optical Frequency Conversion of Over 100 Terahertz in Silicon Waveguides; page 204
Controlling Photonic Structures using Optical Forces; page 206
Fabrication of Multicomponent Terbium Borate Magneto-Optical Waveguides; page 208
Microfabricated Diffractive Optical Ruler f or Tip Based Nanofabrication and Metrology; page 210
Subwavelength Apertures with Dielectric Filling; page 212
Optofluidic Data Storage; page 214
Optofluidic Transport on SU-8 Ring Resonators at Telecom Frequencies; page 216
Focal Volume Confinement of Fluorescent Particles in Nanometer-sized Channels; page 218
Nanoporous Polymer Ring Resonators; page 220
Optical Fabrication for the Development of Medical Multiphoton Microscopic Endoscopy; page 222
Strong Field Concentration at the Subwavelength Scale by a Metallic Hole-Array Structure; page 224
Three-Dimensional Metallic Photonic Crystal; page 226
Integrated Nonlinear Photonics; page 228
Integration of Photonic and Silver Nanowire Plasmonic Waveguides; page 230
Nanoscale Geometry for High Performance Microbolometers for Uncooled Focal Plane Arrays; page 232
Fabrication of SOI Waveguide Based Photonic Devices; page 234
Modulation Microscopy with a Microfabricated Mirror Mask; page 236
Ultrathin Wire-Grid Polarizers Made by Electron Beam Lithography; page 238

Physics & Nanostructure Physics, pages 240-281

Ultrafast Switching of a Nanomagnet by a Combined Out-of-Plane and In-Plane Polarized Spin-Current Pulse; page 240
Reduction of the Spin-Torque Critical Current by Partially Canceling the Free Layer Demagnetization Field; page 242
X-Ray Imaging of Magnetic Vortex Dynamics Driven by DC Spin-Polarized Current; page 244
High TMR and Low RA in Mg-B-O and Ni-Fe-B Nanopillar Fabrication for Spin-Torque Switching; page 246
Coupling of Confined Superfluid Helium; page 248
X-Ray Imaging of Magnetic Normal Modes Driven by Spin Transfer Torque in Magnetic Nanopillar Devices; page 250
Ferromagnetic Electrodes for Studies of Spin-Dependent Transport in Quantum Dots and Single Molecules; page 252
Single Electron Transistors Fabricated with Individual Chemically Synthesized Metal Nanoparticles; page 254
Optical Effects on Electronic Transport through Semiconductor Nanoscrystals and Single Molecules; page 256
Spin-Torque Effects on the Exchange Bias of Ferromagnet/Antiferromagnet Bilayers; page 258
Bias and Angular Dependence of Spin-Transfer Torque in Magnetic Tunnel Junctions; page 260
Epitaxial Graphene on Silicon Carbide: Electronic and Mechanical Devices; page 262
Probing Vortex Dynamics in Superconductors with Nanoscale Weak-Pinning Channels; page 264
Superconducting Microwave Resonators for Probing Dissipation from Vortices; page 266
Melting and Freezing of Colloidal Crystals on Patterned Surfaces; page 268
Approaching the Quantum Ground State of a Nanomechanical Device; page 270
Superfluid Helium-4 Weak Link Experiments with Nanoscale Aperture Arrays; page 272
Persistent Currents in Normal Metal Rings Detected using Cantilever Torque Magnetometry; page 274
Patterning and Etching Superconducting Thin Films for Research and Advanced Laboratory Courses; page 276
Fabrication of Nanoscale Josephson Junctions for Quantum Coherent Superconducting Circuits; page 278
Confined Plasmons in Nanofabricated Silver Particles at Various Size and Inter-Particle Separation; page 280

Process & Characterization, pages 282-293

Influence of Device Geometry on Sensor Characteristics of Planar Organic Electrochemical Transistors; page 282
Orthogonal Lithography for Organic Electronics; page 284
Gold Catalyzed Germanium Nanowires on Titanium; page 286
Organizational Characteristics of a Block Copolymer Film; page 288
Wafer Bonding for Fabrication of Nanochannels; page 290
Well-Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Grown on Quartz and Their Transfer to Other Substrates; page 292

Index (in html), pages 295-298

 

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