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The 2007-2008 CNF Research Accomplishments
20072008cnfRA.pdf, a 9.7MB file

Unless otherwise noted, each link below is to a
PDF file of the report(s). The files are between 190K and 3MB.


If you find a broken link, please contact
Ms. Melanie-Claire Mallison at mallison at cnf.cornell.edu.

Table of Contents; page viii-xii

Introduction; page viii-xii

Selection of CNF-Related PPPs; page xiii-xxvi

Biological Applications; page 1-113

Nanofabrication of Membranes Based on Poly(Hydroxy Styrene) for Biological Applications; page 2
Hydrodynamic Metamaterials: Nanofabricated Arrays to Steer, Refract and Focus Streams of Biomaterials; page 4
A Population Ratchet for Self-Propelled Agents; page 6
Stress in a Nutrient Landscape Results in Stable Segregation of Selfish and Altruistic Populations; page 8
Single Molecule Correlation Spectroscopy in Continuous Flow Mixers with Zero-Mode Waveguides; page 10
Measurement of Stepwise Length Changes in Single Thick Filament as well as Interaction of Thick Filament with Thin Filament by Using Nanofabricated Cantilevers; page 12
Non-Planar Nanofluidic Devices for Single Molecule Analysis Fabricated Using Nanoglassblowing; page 14
Nanochannels Fabricated in Polydimethylsiloxane using Sacrificial Electrospun Polyethylene Oxide Nanofibers; page 16
Nanomechanical Resonators for Prion Protein Detection; page 18
Patterned Positively Charged Polymer Brushes to Guide Neuron Growth; page 20
Direct Patterning of Polymer Brushes by Electron Beam Lithography; page 22
Fabrication of Patterned Fluorinated and PEGylated Monolayer Surfaces for Fundamental Marine Fouling Studies; page 24
Retinal Implant Project; page 26
Microfabricated Mixers for Experiments with Proteins; page 28
Microfluidic Cell Culture Analog Devices to Mimic Animal Exposures to Toxins and Drugs; page 30
A Bilayer Resist Method for Creating Silica Microfluidics; page 32
Nanofluidic Channels for Biological Manipulation and Analysis; page 34
SELEX-on-a-Chip: Microchip Integration of the Sol-Gel Derived Affinity Column for Monitoring RNA-Protein Interaction; page 36
Patterning Cell Arrays Using a Versatile Polymer Template; page 38
Novel Biosensors based on Organic Electrochemical Transistors and Their Integration with Microfluidic Channels for Multianalyte Sensing; page 40
PMMA Lab-on-a-Chip for RNA Detection; page 42
Platinum Electrochemical Detectors to Study Exocytosis and Stimulus-Secretion Coupling; page 44
Microfabricated Components for DNA Extraction; page 46
Nanofabrication of Quartz Cylinders; page 48
A 3D Hydrodynamic Focusing Manifold; page 50
Measuring the Mechanical Response of Single-Cell E.coli to Chemotactic Agents using Microfabricated Silicon Nitride Cantilevers; page 52
Bacterial Colonization and Communication in a Microfabricated Fluidic Channel; page 54
Microfluidic Chip to Measure Response of Single Cells to Extracellular Stimuli; page 56
Patterned Surfaces to Investigate Spatially Regulated Mechanisms in Immune Cell Signaling; page 58
Low Noise Biomimetic Differential Microphones Inspired by the Ears of the Parasitoi Fly, Ormia Ochracea; page 60
Microfluidic Materials; page 62
Ultrasonic Microprobes with Integrated Sensors for Biomedical Applications; page 64
Fabrication of Thin-Walled and High-Aspect-Ratio Nanofluidic Channels; page 66
A Novel Microprobe for Objective and Simplified Monitoring of Free Tissue Transfer; page 68
Mimicry of Biological Adhesion Through Fabrication of Fibrillar Surfaces; page 70
Fabrication of Inorganic-Organic Interfaces; page 72
Polymeric Microfluidic Devices for Dielectrophoretic Manipulation; page 74
Ultra-Precise Cultured Cell Patterning Using Molecular Vapor Deposition of Self Assembled Monolayers and Lift-Off Technique; page 76
A Microfabricated Cell Culture System for Modeling the Blood-Brain Barrier; page 78
Planer Patch-Clamp Arrays: Neuronal-Electronic Interfaces for Examining Network Development in Neuronal Ensembles; page 80
Simple Nanofluidic Device for Single Protein Molecule Identification; page 82
Nanofluidic Trapping Device for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy; page 84
Sample Preparation Device for Biological Agent Detection; page 86
Microfabricated Implantable Flow Sensor for Medical Applications; page 88
Fabrication of Scaffolds for Three-Dimensional Culture of Human Endothelial Cells; page 90
Nanowire Based Universal Device: Characterization and Bio-Detection; page 92
Nanoscale Optofluidic Devices for Biomolecular Analysis; page 94
Microfluidic Networks for Studying Thrombosis; page 96
Nanofluidic Electric DNA Detector; page 98
Fabrication of a Micromirror with Sidewall Electrodes; page 100
Microelectromagnetic Cell Manipulation on Electrochemical Detector Arrays; page 102
Fabrication of Elastomer Pillar Arrays with Modulated Stiffness for Cellular Force Measurements; page 104
Myosin Dependent Migration of Fibroblasts; page 106
Neural Recording Electrode; page 108
Modeling Microvascular Structure In Vitro; page 110
Device Fabrication for the Observation of Axonal Growth and Axonal Organelle Transport of Rat Hippocampal Neurons; page 112

Chemistry; page 114-119

Functionalized Micromechanical Resonators with High Quality Factors; page 114
Structure and Bonding in Molecules and Extended Structures (Hoffmann, Feng, Gonzalez); page 116
Structure and Bonding in Molecules and Extended Structures (Donald); page 118

Electronics; page 120-145

AlGaN/GaN HEMTs on SI-GaN Substrates up to Ka-Band Frequencies; page 120
C-Doped Semi-Insulating GaN HFETs on Sapphire Substrates with a High Breakdown Voltage and Low Specific On-Resistance; page 122
Heterogeneous Integration of Molecules in Nonvolatile Memory; page 124
Low-Temperature Planar Polysilicon TFT Flash Memory Cell with Al2O3 Tunnel Dielectric and (Ti,Dy)xOy Control Dielectric for 3D Integration; page 126
Chemoreceptive Neuron MOS (CvMOS) Sensor Integration; page 128
Resonant Detection and Modulation of Terahertz Radiation by 2DEG Plasmons in GaN Grating-Gate Structures; page 130
Fabrication of Substrate for Selective Contact to Nanowire Devices; page 132
Electro-Optical Probing of Biological Systems using Carbon Nanotubes; page 134
Time-Resolved Electric Force Microscopy of Charge Trapping in Polycrystalline Pentacene; page 136
Fabrication of AlGaN/GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors (HEMTs) with High-Temperature Dielectric Passivations; page 138
Ballistic Deflection Transistor and T-Junction Research; page 140
Fabrication of SOI-Based Nanowire Sensors; page 142
Laser-Annealed Zinc Oxide Thin-Film Transistors Fabricated on Flexible Substrates; page 144

Materials; page 146-173

Molecular Glass Resists for High Resolution Patterning; page 146
Architectural Effects on Etch Rate of Glass Star Photoresists; page 148
Dry Photolithographic Patterning Process for Organic Electronic Devices using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide; page 150
Next Generation Photoresists Using Block Copolymer Self-Assembly; page 152
Thin Film Nucleation and Growth using Energetic Neutral Species; page 154
Low Heat Capacity Substrates for Calorimetry Measurements; page 156
Photolithographic Patterning of Organic Electronic Materials; page 158
Nanoporous Gold Thin Films; page 160
Shape-Selectivity in the Aggregation of Lithographically-Designed Colloidal Particles; page 162
Bionanofabrication of Semiconductor Nanowires and Surface Chemical Modification of Support Structures for Synthesis of Self-Assembled Bioinspired Nanoarchitectures; page 164
Crystalline Multilayers from Convectively Self-Assembled Dimer Shaped Colloids; page 166
Transfer Printing of Graphene Sheets; page 168
Measurement of the Elastic Properties and Intrinsic Strength of Monolayer Graphene; page 170
Line-Scan Sequential Lateral Solidification of Prepatterned Si Films; page 172

Mechanical Devices; page 174-223

Characterization of Bistable Electrostatically Actuated Microstructures Using SEM; page 174
CvMOS Pressure Sensor Compensation Circuit Design; page 176
A Polymer Based Mechanical Charge Shuttle Switch; page 178
Ultrasensitive, Nickel and Cobalt Magnet-Tipped Cantilevers for Magnetic Resonance Force Microscopy; page 180
Magnetic Resonance Force Microscopy Cantilever Detection by Quantum Tunneling; page 182
Fabrication of Ultra-Sensitive Cantilevers for Measuring Non-Contact Friction; Fabrication of “Interdigitated” Field Effect Transistors; page 184
Ultra-Sensitive AFM Cantilevers; page 186
Impermeable Atomic Membranes from Graphene Sheets; page 188
Prototype Cantilevers for AFM Lateral Force Measurement; page 190
Digitally-Tunable MEMS Filter Using Mechanically-Coupled Resonator Array; page 192
Radio-Frequency Electro-Mechanical Resonators; page 194
Directed Fluidic Assembly of Microscale Tiles; page 196
Development of Novel Gas Diffusion Layer for Fuel Cells with Micro/Nano Technology; page 198
Micromechanical Resonators with High-Reflectivity Mirrors for Experiments in Quantum Opto-Mechanics; page 200
Fabrication of Ultra-Sharp Diamond AFM Probes; page 202
The Fabrication and Characterization of Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers Using a Novel Wafer Bonding Process; page 204
Microfluidic Devices for Insect Micro-Air-Vehicles; page 206
Capillarity-Based Reversible Super-Adhesion; page 208
An Active MEMS Device for Microtensile Testing of Thin Films; page 210
Fabrication of Large Aspect Ratio Journal Microbearings; page 212
Techniques for Fabricating Nanochannels; page 214
SiO2 Uncooled MEMS IR and THz Detectors; page 216
RF-M/NEMS Switch Integrated Planar Inverted F-Antenna (PIFA); page 218
Unique Identification Using MEMS; page 220
Design of a Micro Tension Test Device; page 222

Optics & Opto-Electronics; page 224-281

Growth and Fabrication of InGaN Solar Cells; page 224
Nonlinear Si Photonics and Silicon EO Modulator Based on Photonic Crystal and EO Polymer; page 226
Optoelectronics and Terahertz Electronic Transport in Individual Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Devices; page 228
Zero-Mode Waveguides for Single Molecule Real Time Sequencing; page 230
High Performance Germanium Photodetectors Integrated on Submicron Silicon Waveguides by Low Temperature Wafer Bonding; page 232
Microring Resonators for Cavity-Enhanced On-Chip Absorption Spectroscopy; page 234
Slot Waveguide Cavities for Electrically Pumped Silicon-Based Light Sources; page 236
Long Range Control of Radiation from an Optical Nanocavity; page 238
Optical Silicon Routing Devices for Active Optical Networks-on-Chip; page 240
Ultra-Low Power Parametric Frequency Conversion of High Data Rates on a Photonic Chip; page 242
Nanofluidic Channels in Fused Silica; page 244
Hybrid Modelocking of a High Power Monolithic Semiconductor Laser at 1550 nm; page 246
High Sensitivity Uncooled Microcantilever Infrared Imaging Arrays; page 248
Optical System for High Precision, High Accuracy Nanofabrication; page 250
An Addressable Nanometer Scale Photodetector Array; page 252
Electroactive Nanowells for Data Storage; page 254
Focal Volume Confinement of Fluorescent Particles in Nanometer-Sized Channels; page 256
Targeted Patterning of Nucleic Acid Probes on Optical Nanostructures; page 258
X-Ray Transmission Mirrors; page 260
Optofluidic Transport on SU-8 Ring Resonators; page 262
Three-Dimensional Metallic Photonic Crystal; page 264
Experimental Observation of Strong Photon Localization in Disordered Photonic Crystal Waveguides; page 266
Random High-Q Cavities in Disordered Photonic Crystal Waveguides; page 268
Enhanced Photoluminescence from Embedded PbSe Colloidal Quantum Dots in Silicon-Based Random Photonic Crystal Microcavities; page 270
Light Localization in Disordered Photonic Crystals; page 272
Photonic Information Processing on a Silicon Chip; page 274
Electro-Optic Devices with Nanometer Scale Structures Fabricated by Electron Beam; page 276
Nano-Optical Devices and Systems; page 278
A Two Dimensional Bi-Directional Electrothermal MEMS Micromirror; page 280

Physics & Nanostructure Physics; page 282-333

Improvement of the Spin Torque for a Fast Spin-Transfer Driven Magnetization Reversal; page 282
Spin Transfer Studies on Nanopillars Made of CoFeAl; page 284
X-Ray Imaging of Magnetic Vortex Dynamics Driven by DC Spin-Polarized Current; page 286
The Effects of CF4 Plasma Etching, NH3 Plasma and O2 Plasma on HSQ; page 288
Resonant Spin-Transfer-Driven Switching of Magnetic Nanopillars Assisted by Microwave Current Pulses; page 290
Ferromagnetic Electrodes for High-Frequency Studies of Spin Dynamics in Quantum Dots and Single Molecules; page 292
Temperature Dependence of Anisotropic Magnetoresistance and Atomic Motion in Ferromagnetic Break Junctions; page 294
Tuning the Coherence of Spin-Torque-Driven Dynamics in Nanomagnetic Oscillators; page 296
Mechanics of nm-Thick Suspended Carbon Materials; page 298
Epitaxial Graphene on Silicon Carbide; page 300
Ballistic Injection Across Nanoscale Spin-Dependent Metal Junction Line into Doped Silicone; page 302
Fabrication of Si Set Transistors for Electrical Metrology and Ultra- Sensitive Electrometry; page 304
Suspension Mixing and Segregation in Microchannels; page 306
Diffusivity of Sub-1,000 Da Molecules in 40 nm Silicon-Based Alumina Pores; page 308
Fabrication of Nanoscale Josephson Junctions for Quantum Coherent Superconducting Circuits; page 310
Probing Vortex Dynamics in Superconductors with Nanoscale Weak-Pinning Channels; page 312
Superconducting Microwave Resonators for Probing Dissipation from Vortices; page 314
Template-Directed Epitaxial Growth of Colloidal Crystals; page 316
Microwave Disk Resonator; page 318
Preliminary Experiments Using Silicon Step-Wedge Phantoms for In-Line Holography, X-Ray Phase-Contrast Imaging with an Ultrafast Laser-Based X-Ray Source; page 320
Development of Nano Electromechanical Devices for Quantum Ground State Cooling; page 322
Fabricating Nanoscale Aperture Arrays as Superfluid 4He Weak Links; page 324
Fabrication of Cantilevers with Integrated Mesoscopic Samples; page 326
Study and Optimization of a Process for Activating Backside Junctions on Thin Silicon Pixel Detectors for High Energy Physics; page 328
Patterning and Etching Electron-Doped Cuprate Films; page 330
Quantum-Limited Measurement and Entanglement in Superconducting Circuits; page 332

Process & Characterization; page 334-337

A Process Technology for Fabricating Submicron Ballistic Electron Vertical Diodes for THz Frequency Power Generation; page 334
SrTiO3 (001) Substrate Preparation & Characterization; page 336

Index of CNF Reports by Project Number (in html)

Index of CNF Principal Investigators & Users (in html)


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